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Open Access Highly Accessed Methodology article

Development of an HPLC method for determination of pentachloronitrobenzene, hexachlorobenzene and their possible metabolites

Fazlurrahman Khan, Dhan Prakash and RK Jain*

Author Affiliations

Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR), Sector 39-A, Chandigarh-160036, India

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BMC Chemical Biology 2011, 11:2  doi:10.1186/1472-6769-11-2

Published: 23 November 2011

Abstract

Background

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) are highly toxic and widespread in every environmental compartment. Some of metabolic products such as amino/nitro containing chlorinated aromatic compounds can be determined by gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). However, it is difficult to identify some of chlorophenolic and chloroquinolic intermediates produced from PCNB and HCB by the above mentioned technique. Therefore, for analysis of these compounds and their metabolites, we have developed a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) based method.

Results

The extraction of PCNB and HCB from soil and minimal salt medium was carried out with ethyl acetate and hexane respectively with good recoveries (98% for PCNB and 97% for HCB). The validation of the proposed extraction and HPLC method was done by analysis of PCNB and HCB biodegradation and their metabolites identification from anaerobic enriched soil samples.

Conclusion

A rapid, sensitive and simple HPLC based analytical method was developed for the analysis of PCNB, HCB and their possible intermediates.