Clustering of drug sensitive gene deletion mutants. The haploid non-essential yeast gene deletion array was subjected to sub-inhibitory concentrations of five inhibitory compounds. Colony size reduction was used to detect sensitivity. (A) Drug sensitive yeast gene deletion mutants were clustered according to the cellular processes in which their deleted genes participated. The overall distributions of gene functions were comparable for different treatments with protein biosynthesis as a major group for all treatments. (B) Chemical profiles were clustered according to drug sensitivities to two or more drugs. Hierarchical clustering of mutants is illustrated using complete linkage. Absolute correlation coefficient (centered) is used for comparability and displayed in Java TreeView. Several regions of interest (a-e) are enlarged. The cellular processes of the deleted genes are color-coded. On the basis of sensitivity profiles, paromomycin is grouped with neomycin. Cycloheximide is grouped with 3-AT, which then merges with streptomycin. Sensitivity indexes of the gene deletion mutants are shown as high to low (light to dark red). (C) Sensitivity overlaps for gene deletion mutants to different drug treatments. The number of gene deletion mutants with a particular sensitivity, for example paromomycin (P) alone (89), paromomycin and 3-AT (17) and paromomycin, 3-AT and neomycin (3), are indicated. (D) The overlapping drug sensitive yeast gene deletion mutants are clustered according to the cellular processes in which their deleted genes participate. No significant enrichment for protein biosynthesis genes among overlapping sensitive strains was observed. The number of sensitive strains is presented on the z-axis. C: cycloheximide; P: paromomycin; A: 3-AT; N: neomycin; and S: streptomycin. The sensitivity overlaps between P and N, C and 3-AT, C and S, and 3-AT and S were significant with P-values ≤ 5 × 10-14. Other overlaps are significant with P-values of ≤ 0.029.
Alamgir et al. BMC Chemical Biology 2010 10:6 doi:10.1186/1472-6769-10-6