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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

An efficient system to generate monoclonal antibodies against membrane-associated proteins by immunisation with antigen-expressing mammalian cells

Anita M Dreyer12, Jeremy Beauchamp3, Hugues Matile3 and Gerd Pluschke12*

Author Affiliations

1 Molecular Immunology Unit, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland

2 University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland

3 Pharma Research Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Grenzacherstrasse 124, CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland

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BMC Biotechnology 2010, 10:87  doi:10.1186/1472-6750-10-87

Published: 15 December 2010

Abstract

Background

The generation of monoclonal antibodies specific for protein antigens usually depends on purified recombinant protein for both immunisation and hybridoma screening. Purification of recombinant protein in sufficient yield and purity is a tedious undertaking and can be demanding especially in the case of membrane proteins. Furthermore, antibodies generated against a purified recombinant protein are frequently incapable of binding to the endogenous protein in its native context.

Results

We describe a strategy to generate monoclonal antibodies against membrane or membrane-associated proteins that completely bypasses any need for purified recombinant antigen. This approach utilises stably transfected mammalian cells expressing recombinant antigens on their cell surface for immunisation of mice. The transfected cells are also used for measuring seroconversion, hybridoma selection and antibody characterisation. By presenting the antigen in its native conformation for immunisation and hybridoma selection, this procedure promotes the generation of antibodies capable of binding to the endogenous protein. In the present study, we applied this approach successfully for three predicted GPI-anchored proteins of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

Conclusions

The described entirely cell-based technology is a fast and efficient approach for obtaining antibodies reactive with endogenous cell-surface proteins in their native conformation.