Table 2

Collection of instrument-related infectious and miscellaneous skin conditions that may occur in musicians


Infectious noxae*


violin, viola

skin discoloration, Paget-Schroetter syndrome, hyperhidrosis

woodwind instruments (flute, clarinet saxophone etc.)

herpes labialis etc.

lip discoloration, impaired salivation

brass instruments (trumpet, horn etc.)

herpes labialis etc., candida-folliculitis

impaired salivation


herpes labialis etc.

impaired salivation

guitar, bass guitar sitar etc.

"guitar groin", acro-osteolysis, hyperhidrosis

piano, keyboards

acro-osteolysis, hyperhidrosis

* = secondary pyoderma of skin injuries not listed

Gambichler et al. BMC Dermatology 2004 4:3   doi:10.1186/1471-5945-4-3

Open Data