Table 2

Melasma history and clinical data of melasma patients.

Characteristics

No. of melasma patients (n = 78)


Mean age of onset of melasma ± SD (years)

38.3 ± 9.2

Predisposing factors for melasma

- Sun exposure

- Oral contraceptive pill

- Pregnancy

- Sun-exposure due to occupation

- Sun-exposure due to sport

73 (93.6%)

11 (14.1%)

10 (12.8%)

9 (11.5%)

4 (5.1%)

Have family members with melasma

42 (53.8%)

The mean score on disease activity (MASI)

14.8 ranging from 1.2-42

The main topical treatment patients received

- Hydroquinone

- Sunscreen

- Retinoic acid

- Azalaic acid

- Steroid

74 (94.9%)

71 (91%)

65 (83.3%)

56 (71.8%)

41 (53.6%)

Mean duration of treatment ± SD (years)

5.5 ± 6.2


Leeyaphan et al. BMC Dermatology 2011 11:16   doi:10.1186/1471-5945-11-16

Open Data