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Open Access Research article

Transcutaneous flow related variables measured in vivo: the effects of gender

Luís Monteiro Rodrigues*, Pedro Contreiras Pinto and António Leal

Author Affiliations

UCTF-Laboratory of Experimental Physiology & Laboratory of Cutaneous Biology Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade de Lisboa, Av.Forcas Armadas, Lisboa, Portugal

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BMC Dermatology 2001, 1:4  doi:10.1186/1471-5945-1-4

Published: 20 August 2001

Abstract

Backgound

The identification of potential sources of error is a crucial step for any new assessment technique. This is the case for transcutaneous variables, such as flow and arterial gases, which have been applied as functional indicators of various aspects of human health. Regarding gender, a particular subject-related determinant, it is often claimed that women present higher transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) values than men. However, the statistical significance of this finding is still uncertain.

Methods

The haemodynamical-vascular response to a local reactive hyperaemia procedure (the tourniquet cuff manoeuvre) was studied in two previously selected group of volunteers (n = 16; 8 women and 8 men). The effect of gender was assessed under standardised experimental conditions, using the transcutaneous flow-related variables tcpO2-tcpCO2 and Laser-doppler Flowmetry (LDF).

Results

Regarding tcpO2, statistically significant differences between genders were not found, although higher values were consistently found for the gases in the female group. Regarding LDF, high statistically significant differences (p < 0.005) were found, with the men's group presenting the highest values and variability. Other derived parameters used to characterise the vascular response following the cuff-deflation (t-peak) were similar in both groups.

Conclusions

The relative influence of gender was not clearly demonstrated using these experimental conditions. However the gender-related LDF differences suggest that further investigation should be done on this issue. Perhaps in the presence of certain pathological disparities involving peripheral vascular regulation, other relationships may be found between these variables.