|Indications for use of an indwelling urethra cathetera|
|Urinary retention or bladder outlet obstruction|
|Close monitoring of urine output under non-operative conditions (e.g. incapable patient)|
|Pre- or post-operative use with a duration conform protocols|
|Neurogenic (overflow) bladder|
|Urinary incontinence in the presence of open sacral or perineal wounds|
|Administration of medication into the bladder / bladder flush during bleeding|
|Palliative care for terminal ill patients|
|Other proper indication, based on local hospital guidelines|
|Urinary incontinence without open sacral or perineal wounds|
|No real need for monitoring of urine output|
|Pre- or post-operative use with a duration not conform protocols|
|Other improper indication, based on local hospital guidelines|
a Based on guidelines of the Dutch Working Group Infection Prevention.
Jansen et al.
Jansen et al. BMC Urology 2012 12:25 doi:10.1186/1471-2490-12-25