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Open Access Case report

Splenectomy and proximal lieno-renal shunt in a factor five deficient patient with extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction

Srinivas Prabhu Chava1*, Sujoy Pal1, Supriyo Ghatak1, Rajat Kumar2, Peush Sahni1 and Tushar Kanti Chattopadhyay1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of G.I. Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India

2 Department of Hematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India

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BMC Surgery 2006, 6:7  doi:10.1186/1471-2482-6-7

Published: 19 May 2006

Abstract

Background

The clinico-surgical implication and successful management of a rare case of factor five (V) deficiency with portal hypertension and hypersplenism due to idiopathic extra-hepatic portal venous obstruction is presented.

Case presentation

A 16-year old boy had gastro-esophageal variceal bleeding, splenomegaly and hypersplenism. During preoperative workup prolonged prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were detected, which on further evaluation turned out to be due to factor V deficiency. Proximal lieno-renal shunt and splenectomy were successfully performed with transfusion of fresh frozen plasma during and after the surgical procedure. At surgery there was no excessive bleeding. The perioperative course was uneventful and the patient is doing well on follow up.

Conclusion

Surgical portal decompressive procedures can be safely undertaken in clotting factor deficient patients with portal hypertension if meticulous surgical hemostasis is achieved at operation and the deficient factor is adequately replaced in the perioperative period.