Time intervals of bacterial translocation to the submucosal stroma and the muscularis propria during ischemic and non-ischemic small bowel obstruction in minutes after intraluminal administration of GFP-uv E. coli. The vertical bars represent means ± s.d. and demonstrate significant differences in bacterial transit into the submucosa (*p < 0.0001) and the muscularis propria (°p = 0.004) between animals subjected to non-ischemic vs. ischemic bowel obstruction (Student's t-test, p < 0.05).
Samel et al. BMC Surgery 2002 2:6 doi:10.1186/1471-2482-2-6