Table 4

Uncontrolled studies of the effectiveness of implant removal in symptomatic patients. Success includes complete or marked reduction of pain

Author

Year

Implant

n

Success

Failure




Richards [30]

1992

various

46

42

91% (79 – 98%)

4

9% (2 – 21%)

Jacobsen [31]

1994

ankle plates

66

49

74% (62 – 84%)

17

26% (16 – 38%)

Court-Brown [32]

1997

intramedullary tibial nails

62

60

97% (88 – 99%)

2

3% (0 – 11%)

Dodenhoff [33]

1997

intramedullary femoral nails

17

11

65% (38 – 86%)

6

35% (14 – 62%)

Keating [34]

1997

intramedullary tibial nails

49

39

80% (66 – 90%)

10

20% (10 – 34%)

Brown [7]

2001

ankle plates

22

11

50% (28 – 72%)

11

50% (28 – 72%)

Gösling [6]

2004

intramedullary femoral nails

58

45

78% (65 – 87%)

13

22% (13 – 35%)

Gösling [24]

2005

intramedullary tibial nails

26

19

73% (52 – 88%)

7

27% (12 – 48%)

Weighted average

346

78% (69 – 88%)

22% (12 – 31%)


Failure includes no change and worsening of symptoms. Summary estimates were derived from random-effects meta-regression analysis

Hanson et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:73   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-9-73

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