Table 6

Interventions used by the survey responders [in descending order of frequency]

Intervention

Frequency

Effectiveness [0–10 scale]


Resting

86%

6.3 ± 2.5

Distraction [reading, watching TV etc.]

80%

4.7 ± 2.5

Heat modalities [warm water, hot packs]

74%

6.3 ± 2.3

Nutritional supplements

68%

3.8 ± 2.8

OTC pain medications

67%

3.8 ± 2.3

Prescription pain medications

66%

6.3 ± 2.4

Gentle walking

64%

4.6 ± 2.6

Prescription antidepressants

63%

6.2 ± 2.8

Stretching

62%

5.4 ± 2.6

Prayer

57%

6.0 ± 2.9

Prescription sleep medications

52%

6.5 ± 2.7

Relaxation/meditation

47%

5.1 ± 5.5

Massage/reflexology

43%

6.1 ± 2.8

Aerobic exercise

32%

5.0 ± 3.0

Cold therapy [ice packs etc.]

30%

4.8 ± 2.8

Chiropractic manipulation

30%

5.1 ± 3.0

Counseling [psychologist, MSW, pastor]

29%

4.8 ± 3.0

Pool therapy

26%

6.0 ± 3.0

Non-aerobic exercise [stretching, yoga, Tai Chi]

24%

5.1 ± 2.9

Physical therapy

24%

4.7 ± 3.1

OTC sleep medications

22%

4.0 ± 2.9

TENS unit

21%

4.3 ± 2.9

Trigger point injections

21%

5.0 ± 3.3

Support groups

19%

4.6 ± 3.0

Strength training

18%

4.3 ± 2.9

Pain clinic

17%

4.8 ± 3.1

Acupuncture

15%

4.5 ± 3.5

Pilates

8%

4.6 ± 3.3

Cognitive behavioral therapy

8%

4.3 ± 3.2

Energy healing [e.g. Reiki]

7%

4.0 ± 3.2

Biofeedback

6%

2.9 ± 2.9

Spinal surgery

4%

3.4 ± 3.4

Hypnosis

3%

2.5 ± 2.9


Bennett et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:27   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-8-27

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