Determinants of satisfaction 1 year after total hip arthroplasty: the role of expectations fulfilment
1 Service de rééducation et réadaptation de l’appareil locomoteur et des pathologies du rachis, AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin; PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes; U1153, INSERM, Paris, France
2 Service de médecine physique et réadaptation, AP-HP, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, Université Versailles St-Quentin, Guyancourt, France
3 Service d’orthopédie, traumatologie, chirurgie plastique et reconstructive, CHU Gabriel Montpied; Université Claude Monnet, Clermont-Ferrand, France
4 Service de chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologie, AP-HP, Hôpital Lariboisière; Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France
5 Service d’orthopédie, AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin; PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
6 Centre d’épidémiologie clinique, AP-HP, Hôpital Hôtel Dieu; PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014, 15:53 doi:10.1186/1471-2474-15-53Published: 24 February 2014
Between 7% and 15% of patients are dissatisfied after total hip arthroplasty (THA). To assess predictors and postoperative determinants of satisfaction and expectation fulfilment one year after (THA).
Before THA surgery, 132 patients from three tertiary care centres and their surgeons were interviewed to assess their expectations using the Hospital for Special Surgery Total Hip Replacement Expectations Survey (THR survey). One year after surgery, patients (n = 123) were contacted by phone to complete a questionnaire on expectation fulfilment (THR survey), satisfaction, functional outcome (Womac), and health-related quality of life (SF 12). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Preoperative predictors of satisfaction were a good mental wellbeing (adjusted OR 1.09 [1.02; 1.16], p = 0.01) and optimistic surgeons expectations (1.07 [1.01; 1.14], p = 0.02). The main postoperative determinant of satisfaction was the fulfilment of patient’s expectations (1.08 [1.04; 1.12], p < 0.001). Expectation fulfilment could be predicted before surgery by young age (regression coefficient −0.55 [−0.88; -0.21], p = 0.002), good physical function (−0.96 [−1.82; -0.10], p = 0.03) and good mental wellbeing (0.56 [0.14; 0.99], p = 0.01). Postoperative determinants of expectation fulfilment were functional outcome (−2.10 [−2.79; -1.42], p <0.001) and pain relief (−14.83 [−22.38; -7.29], p < 0.001).
To improve patient satisfaction after THA, patients’ expectations and their fulfilment need to be carefully addressed. Patients with low mental wellbeing or physical function should be identified and specifically informed on expected surgical outcome. Surgeons’ expectations are predictive of satisfaction and information should aim to lower discrepancy between surgeons’ and patients’ expectations.