Open Access Research article

Acute murine antigen-induced arthritis is not affected by disruption of osteoblastic glucocorticoid signalling

Cornelia M Spies12*, Edgar Wiebe12, Jinwen Tu2, Aiqing Li2, Timo Gaber134, Dörte Huscher13, Markus J Seibel25, Hong Zhou2 and Frank Buttgereit1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany

2 Bone Research Program, ANZAC Research Institute, Concord Repatriation Hospital, The University of Sydney, Hospital Road, Concord Sydney, NSW 2139, Australia

3 German Rheumatism Research Centre (DRFZ), Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany

4 Berlin-Brandenburg Centre of Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, D-13353 Berlin, Germany

5 Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Concord Repatriation Hospital, Sydney, Australia

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014, 15:31  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-15-31

Published: 3 February 2014

Abstract

Background

The role of endogenous glucocorticoids (GC) in the initiation and maintenance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. We demonstrated previously that disruption of GC signalling in osteoblasts results in a profound attenuation of K/BxN serum-induced arthritis, a mouse model of RA. To determine whether or not the modulation of the inflammatory response by osteoblasts involves T cells, we studied the effects of disrupted osteoblastic GC-signalling in the T cell-dependent model of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA).

Methods

Acute arthritis was induced in pre-immunised 11-week-old male 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 transgenic (tg) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates by intra-articular injection of methylated bovine serum albumine (mBSA) into one knee joint. Knee diameter was measured every 1–2 days until euthanasia on day 14 post injection. In a separate experiment, arthritis was maintained for 28 days by weekly reinjections of mBSA. Tissues were analysed by histology, histomorphometry and microfocal-computed tomography. Serum cytokines levels were determined by multiplex suspension array.

Results

In both short and long term experiments, arthritis developed in tg and WT mice with no significant difference between both groups. Histological indices of inflammation, cartilage damage and bone erosion were similar in tg and WT mice. Bone volume and turnover at the contralateral tibia and systemic cytokine levels were not different.

Conclusions

Acute murine AIA is not affected by a disruption in osteoblastic GC signalling. These data indicate that osteoblasts do not modulate the T cell-mediated inflammatory response via a GC-dependent pathway.

Keywords:
11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2; Disease models; Animal; Arthritis; Glucocorticoids; Osteoblasts