Table 2

Musculoskeletal complaints among music academy and medical students specified by body region
Music academy students (n = 83) Medical students (n = 494) Difference (p)
Elbows, wrists, hands (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 40 (48.2%) 109 (22%) p < 0.001 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 14 (16.9%) 39 (8%) p = 0.009 *
Reported number of complaints of the elbows, wrists and hands (0–6) (Mean (SD)) 0.7 (0.98) 0.27 (0.556) P < 0.001 ~
Neck, shoulders, upper back (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 65 (78.3%) 233 (47%) P < 0.001 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 39 (47.0%) 96 (19%) p < 0.001 *
Reported number of complaints of the neck, shoulders and upper back (0–4) (Mean (SD)) 1.2 (1.00) 0.56 (0.664) P < 0.001 ~
Lower back (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 33 (39.8%) 191 (39%) P = 0.860 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 19 (22.9%) 63 (13%) p = 0.014 *
Hips, knees (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 11 (13.3%) 146 (30%%) P = 0.002 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 6 (7.2%) 71 (14%) p = 0.077 *
Reported number of complaints of the hips and knees (0–4) (Mean (SD)) 0.2 (0.57) 0.34 (0.569) P = 0.017 ~
Ankles, feet (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 7 (8.4%) 82 (17%) P = 0.057 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 6 (7.2%) 41 (8%) p = 0.741 *
Reported number of complaints of the ankles and feet (0–4) (Mean (SD)) 0.1 (0.57) 0.19 (0.470) P = 0.201 ~
Jaw, mouth (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 21 (25.3%) 38 (8%) P <0.001 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 9 (10.8%) 24 (5%) p = 0.030 *
Reported number of complaints of the jaw and mouth (0–2) (Mean (SD)) 0.3 (0.50) 0.08 (0.297) P = 0.001 ~
Total (%) Subjects with complaints during the last twelve months 74 (89.2%) 384 (78%) P = 0.019 *
Subjects with complaints at the time of filling in the questionnaire 52 (62.7%) 211 (43%) P = 0.001 *
Reported total number of complaints (0–21) (Mean (SD)) 2.9 (2.61) 1.83 (1.516) P < 0.001 ~

~ = Kruskal Wallis Test.

* = Chi-squared Test.

Kok et al.

Kok et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:9   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-9

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