Table 1

Baseline characteristics of music academy and medical students participating in a survey on musculoskeletal complaints
Music academy students (n = 83) Medical students (n = 494) Difference (p)
Age (years) (mean (SD)) 21.5 (2.2) 22.1 (2.6) P = 0.062 ~
Gender (%) Male: 22 (26.2%) Female: 62 (73.8%) Male: 120 (24.3%) Female: 374 (75.7%) P = 0.843 *
Study (%) Bachelor: 72 (86.7%) Master: 11 (13.3%) Bachelor: 248 Master: 246 P < 0.001 *
Smoking (%) 10 (11.9%) 26 (5.3%) P = 0.019 *
Sport (hours in one week) (mean (SD)) 2.2 (2.4) 3.0 (2.8) P = 0.005 ~
Alcohol consumption (E/week) (mean (SD)) 3.9 (4.5) 5.5 (6.9) P = 0.090 ~
Body mass index (kg/m2) (mean (SD)) 21.2 (3.0) 22.0 (2.5) P = 0.001 ~
Hours of practicing the main musical instrument in one week (mean (SD)) 20.7 (8.7)
Experience (number of years playing the main musical instrument) (mean (SD)) 13.0 (3.3)
Hand preference (%) Right: 71 (85.5%) Left: 12 (14.5%) Right: 433 (87.7%) Left: 61 (12.3%) P = 0.593 *

~ = Kruskal Wallis Test.

* = Chi-squared Test.

Kok et al.

Kok et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:9   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-9

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