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Open Access Research article

Profile of sexuality in Moroccan chronic low back pain patients

Hanane Bahouq1*, Allali Fadoua12, Rkain Hanan13, Hmamouchi Ihsane1 and Hajjaj-Hassouni Najia1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital El Ayachi, Rabat, Salé, Morocco

2 Department of biostatistics, faculty of medicine and pharmacy of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco

3 Department of physiology, faculty of medicine and pharmacy of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013, 14:63  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-63

Published: 15 February 2013

Abstract

Background

Sexual life had an important role in preserving the good quality of life for patients and for their partner. Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) as other musculoskeletal diseases may affect all aspects of life including sexual functioning. The purpose of this study is to describe the impact of CLBP on the sexual life of patients and to identify the factors that affect their Sexual Quality of Life (SQOL).

Methods

One hundred CLBP sexually active patients were included. Patients and disease Characteristics were collected. Impact on sexual life (sexual intercourse and SQOL) was also assessed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to analyze significant determinants associated with the SQOL disturbance.

Results

Eighty one percent of our patients complained about sexual difficulties related to CLBP. Libido decrease and painful intercourse position were reported respectively in 14.8 and 97.5% of cases. The most pain generating position was supine. Mean of sexual intercourse frequency decrease was at −10.4 ± 4.8 per month. SQOL score mean was at 44.6 ± 17.4%. Men suffered more than women from sexual problems (respectively 90% vs. 72%; p = 0.02). Men had worse SQOL than women (respectively 38.9 ± 17.2 vs. 50.3 ± 15.7%; p = 0.001). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that advanced age (p = 0.009), poor functional status (p = 0.03), male gender (p = 0.03) and sexual intercourse frequency decrease (p = 0.005) were the independent variables associated with the SQOL disturbance.

Conclusion

Our study suggests that sexuality is profoundly disturbed in CLBP patients; both their sexual intercourse and SQOL were affected. This disturbance seems to be associated with patient and disease characteristics. Sexuality should be taken into account in managing CLBP patients.

Keywords:
Chronic low back pain; Sexuality; Sexual quality of life