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Open Access Research article

Adherence to osteoporosis regimens among men and analysis of risk factors of poor compliance: a 2-year analytical review

Chun-Kai Chiu1, Ming-Chun Kuo2, Shan-Fu Yu3*, Ben Yu-Jih Su3 and Tien-Tsai Cheng3*

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, E-DA Hospital, I-Shou University, 1 ,Yi-Da Road, Jiau-shu Tsuen, Yan-chau Shiang, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2 Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

3 Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No 123, Ta-Pei Road, Niaosung, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013, 14:276  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-276

Published: 23 September 2013

Abstract

Background

To investigate adherence and patient-specific factors associated with poor compliance with osteoporosis regimens among men.

Methods

In this retrospective chart review study, we collected data on male patients with osteoporosis treated in accordance with therapeutic recommendations. Adherence was determined by the compliance and persistence of those patients who had been dispensed an osteoporosis regimen after an index prescription. All osteoporosis regimens were considered equivalent for the purpose of investigating adherence.

Results

The prescriptions of 333 males met the inclusion criteria for data collection. The mean age was 68.6 ± 10.4 years. The median medication possession ratio (MPR, %) at years 1 and 2 was 90.1% (interquartile range (IQR) 19–100) and 53.7% (IQR 10.4-100), respectively; 52.3% of male patients at year 1 and 37.5% at year 2 had good compliance (defined as a MPR≧80%). The 1- and 2-year persistence rates were 45.9% and 30.0%, respectively. Patient-specific factors associated with poor compliance (MPR < 80%) during year 1 were first prescriptions given by orthopedists (odds ratio (OR) = 2.67; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.58-4.53; adjusted OR = 2.30, 95% CI = 1.26-4.22, p = 0.007). Male patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.06-0.78, adjusted OR = 0.19, 95% CI = 0.04-0.81, p = 0.025) and baseline bone mineral density (BMD) measurements (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.32-0.85; adjusted OR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.28-0.93, p = 0.029) were less likely to have poor compliance.

Conclusions

Adherence to osteoporosis regimens in males was suboptimal in our study. Poor compliance was more likely in prescription of the first anti-osteoporotic regimen by an orthopedist. Men with RA and BMD measurements before therapy had a lower risk of non-adherence. Healthcare professionals need to target patients with specific factors to improve adherence to osteoporotic regimens.

Keywords:
Adherence; Osteoporosis regimens; Compliance; Persistence