Table 1

Outcome Measures

Domain

Measure

Baseline

4 Month

12 Month


Disability*

Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) leg pain version (Roland and Morris 1983 [31]; Patrick et al. 1995 [32])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Pain Intensity*

Current, average and 'least' pain in last 2 weeks for both back and leg pain--numerical rating scales (Dunn et al. 2010 [38])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Employment*

Questions on employment status, work absence, sick certification and 'struggling at work'

Yes

Yes

Yes


Risk of poor outcome

STarT Back Tool (Hill et al. 2008 [27])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Leg Pain

Above/below the knee; and Sciatica Bothersomeness Index (SBI) (Grovle et al. 2010 [39])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Episode Duration

Current episode for each back and leg pain, plus time since 'pain free month' (Dunn and Croft 2006 [40])

Yes

_

_


Pain Location

Pain Manikin (Lacey et al. 2005 [41])

Yes

_

_


Illness Perceptions

Musculoskeletal Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (IPQ-R) Short-Form (adapted from Moss-Morris et al. 2002 [42])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Self-Efficacy

Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) (Nicholas 2007 [43])

Yes

Yes

Yes


General Health

SF-1 (Ware 2000); and EQ5D (EuroQol Group 1990 [44])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Change

Global Assessment of Change--single question

No

Yes

Yes


Productivity

Performance at work--single numerical rating scale

Yes

Yes

Yes


Health Care Utilisation

Health Care Utilisation Questions

No

Yes

Yes


Neuropathic Pain

S-LANSS (Bennett et al. 2005 [45])

Yes

Yes

Yes


Work Load

Measure of physical work load (adapted from Miranda et al. 2002 [10])

Yes

_

_


Co-morbidity

Co-morbid health conditions & symptoms

Yes

_

_


Pain Trajectory

Single question (based on Dunn et al. 2006 [40])

Yes

_

Yes


Anxiety and Depression

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (Zigmond and Snaith 1983 [46])

Yes

_

Yes


Satisfaction with Care

Single question

_

Yes

_


Smoking

Self-report questions

Yes

_

_


Height/Weight

Measured at Clinic Assessment

Yes

_

_


*Disability, pain and work absence will be collected monthly (brief questionnaires will be used on months when full outcomes are not being collected)

Konstantinou et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-4

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