|Summary of results for studies that investigated intervention effects on lumbo-pelvic kinematic and postural patterns|
|Lumbo-pelvic kinematic and posture patterns (Standardised mean difference and 95% confidence intervals, values favour experimental group)|
|Study and intervention type||No of subjects||Movement pattern Was there a statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) in physical parameters between groups?||Health outcomes Was there a statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) in health outcomes between groups?|
|Baseline differences between groups?||Movement control||Gait||Standing posture||Respiration||Sitting posture||Pain||Activity|
|Da Fonesca 2009(Pilates vs No Rx group||17||No||Not measured||No*||Not measured||Not measured||Not measured||No −0.61, (−1.59-0.37)||Not measured|
|Haugstad 2006(Mensendieck somatocognitive therapy vs gynaecological management)||40||No||No −0.15 (−1.29,0.98)||No −0.47 (−1.12,0.17),||No −0.20 (−0.84,0.44)||Yes −0.99 (−1.67, -0.31)||Yes −0.69 (−1.35, -0.03)||Yes§ −1.58 (−2.31,-0.85)||Yes†|
|Haugstad 2008(Mensendieck somatocognitive therapy vs gynaecological management) 12-month post intervention from Haugstad 2006||38||No||Yes −1.07 (−1.75,-0.39)||Yes − 0.89 (−1.56,-0.23)||No −0.56 (−1.20,0.09)||Yes −1.64 (−2.38,-0.91)||Yes −0.99 (−1.66,-0.31)||Yes −1.71 (−2.46,-0.97)||Yes†|
|Magnusson 2008(Postural biofeedback vs standardised rehabilitation)||47||No|| Insufficient data||Yes‡ Insufficient data||Not measured||Not measured||Not measured||Not measured||Yes −3.45 (−4.8 to −2.1)||Yes −0.97 (−0.43 to −0.12)|
* No difference in gait-related parameters (vertical ground reaction forces at heel strike, mid stance, toes and rate of weight acceptance) between intervention and comparison groups except for a 3% increase in mid stance for the left leg only in the Pilates group.
†Measured as part of Mensendieck score, based on averaged scores for standing posture, movement, gait, sitting posture and respiration, p < 0.000.
‡As reported by author. Insufficient data provided for analysis.
§Small baseline difference between groups p < 0.05.
||No baseline difference for pain or activity levels but insufficient data for physical parameters.
¶Calculated on the lowest number of subjects.
Laird et al.
Laird et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:169 doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-169