Table 5

Summary of results for studies that investigated intervention effects on lumbo-pelvic kinematic and postural patterns
Lumbo-pelvic kinematic and posture patterns (Standardised mean difference and 95% confidence intervals, values favour experimental group)
Study and intervention type No of subjects Movement pattern Was there a statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) in physical parameters between groups? Health outcomes Was there a statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) in health outcomes between groups?
Baseline differences between groups? Movement control Gait Standing posture Respiration Sitting posture Pain Activity
Da Fonesca 2009(Pilates vs No Rx group 17 No Not measured No* Not measured Not measured Not measured No −0.61, (−1.59-0.37) Not measured
Haugstad 2006(Mensendieck somatocognitive therapy vs gynaecological management) 40 No No −0.15 (−1.29,0.98) No −0.47 (−1.12,0.17), No −0.20 (−0.84,0.44) Yes −0.99 (−1.67, -0.31) Yes −0.69 (−1.35, -0.03) Yes§ −1.58 (−2.31,-0.85) Yes
Haugstad 2008(Mensendieck somatocognitive therapy vs gynaecological management) 12-month post intervention from Haugstad 2006 38 No Yes −1.07 (−1.75,-0.39) Yes − 0.89 (−1.56,-0.23) No0.56 (−1.20,0.09) Yes −1.64 (−2.38,-0.91) Yes −0.99 (−1.66,-0.31) Yes −1.71 (−2.46,-0.97) Yes
Magnusson 2008(Postural biofeedback vs standardised rehabilitation) 47 No|| Insufficient data Yes Insufficient data Not measured Not measured Not measured Not measured Yes −3.45 (−4.8 to −2.1) Yes −0.97 (−0.43 to −0.12)

* No difference in gait-related parameters (vertical ground reaction forces at heel strike, mid stance, toes and rate of weight acceptance) between intervention and comparison groups except for a 3% increase in mid stance for the left leg only in the Pilates group.

Measured as part of Mensendieck score, based on averaged scores for standing posture, movement, gait, sitting posture and respiration, p < 0.000.

As reported by author. Insufficient data provided for analysis.

§Small baseline difference between groups p < 0.05.

||No baseline difference for pain or activity levels but insufficient data for physical parameters.

Calculated on the lowest number of subjects.

Laird et al.

Laird et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:169   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-169

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