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Open Access Case report

Simultaneous bilateral total knee and ankle arthroplasty as a single surgical procedure

Geert Pagenstert1* and Beat Hintermann2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Clinics of Basel, Spitalstr. 21, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland

2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kantonsspital Liestal, Rheinstr. 26, CH-4410 Liestal, Switzerland

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011, 12:233  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-233

Published: 13 October 2011

Abstract

Background

Simultaneous osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle joint complicates primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In such cases, rehabilitation of TKA is limited by debilitating ankle pain, but varus or valgus ankle arthritis may even compromise placement of knee prosthetic components.

Case presentation

We present a patient with simultaneous bilateral valgus and patellofemoral OA of the knees and bilateral varus OA of the ankle joints that equally contributed to overall disability. This 63 years old, motivated and otherwise healthy patient was treated by simultaneous bilateral total knee and ankle arthroplasty (quadruple total joint arthroplasty, TJA) during the same anesthesia. Two years outcome showed excellent alignment and function of all four replaced joints. Postoperative time for rehabilitation, back to work (6th week) and hospital stay (12 days) of this special patient was markedly reduced compared to the usual course of separate TJA.

Conclusions

Simultaneous quadruple TJA in equally disabling OA of bilateral deformed knees and ankles resulted in a better functional outcome and faster recovery compared to the average reported results after TKA and TAA in literature. However, careful preoperative planning, extensive patient education, and two complete surgical teams were considered essential for successful performance. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case report in literature about quadruple major total joint arthroplasty implanted during the same anesthesia in the same patient.