Table 2

Characteristics of patients participating in this study (n = 72)

Characteristics

n (%)

mean (SD; 95% CI); median


Age (years)

43.9 (12.3; 41.0 - 46.8); 45.0

Gender, female

50 (69.4)

Duration of shoulder pain

6-9 months

17 (23.6)

9-12 months

14 (19.4)

1-2 years

13 (18.0)

2-5 years

14 (19.4)

>5 years

14 (19.4)

Recurrence rate

1st episode

26 (36.1)

2nd episode

19 (26.4)

3rd > episode

27 (37.5)

Hand dominance, left-handed

4 (5.6)

Side of complaints right

48 (66.7)

DASH-DLV (0 - 100)a

30.8 (14.1; 27.5 - 34.1); 28.3

VAS-P1 (0-100)b

30.0 (23.9; 27.0 - 39.9); 30.0

VAS-P2 (0-100)b

42.1 (17.7; 37.4 - 50.0); 40.0

VAS-P3 (0-100)b

56.6 (19.8; 51.2 - 61.9); 57.0

BDI-II-DLV (0 - 63)c

6.1 (6.0; 4.7 - 7.6); 5.00

0-13

68 (94.4)

14-19

3 (4.3)

20-28

0 (0.0)

28-63

1 (1.4)d


a Higher Dash-DLV (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand outcome measure- Dutch Language Version) scores mean more disability with a maximum of 100 (range from 0 to 100)[59].

b Higher VAS-P scores (Visual Analogue Scales for Pain) mean more pain, with a maximum of 100 (range from 0 to 100). VAS-P1 represents the current pain score, VAS-P2 represents the average pain score over the past seven days, and VAS-P3 represents the most severe pain score over the past seven days.

c Higher scores on the BDI-II-DLV (Beck Depression Inventory-second edition- Dutch Language Version) mean more symptoms of depression. Clinical interpretation of scores is accomplished through criterion-referenced procedures utilizing the following interpretive ranges: 0-13 minimal depression; 14-19 mild depression; 20-28 moderate depression; and 29-63 severe depression[79].

d One patient scored 45 points, which is indicative of major depression. This high score was due to a major event that happened on the day of inclusion in the study.

Bron et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011 12:139   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-139

Open Data