Table 3

Comparison between the GPR and SE group at short- and mid-term follow-up (ie 3 and 6 months).

GPR Group

(n = 50)

SE Group

(n = 50)


Intention to treat

mean (SD)

Changea

mean (SD)

mean (SD)

Changea

mean (SD)

P-valueb


RMDQ (0-24)

Baseline

7.1 (5.3)

--

5.9 (4.6)

--

3 months

3.1 (3.9)

-4.0 (5.2)

5.6 (5.3)

-0.3 (4.1)

< 0.001

6 months

2.9 (3.5)

-4.2 (5.8)

5.4 (5.0)

-0.5 (2.9)

< 0.001

ODI (0-100%)

Baseline

22.5 (15.2)

--

22.2 (12.2)

--

3 months

12.2 (12.8)

-10.4 (15.0)

22.0 (15.6)

-0.2 (10.8)

< 0.001

6 months

12.3 (12.0)

-10.3 (17.9)

21.1 (15.4)

-1.1 (9.5)

0.002

FFT (cm)

Baseline

15.7 (12.5)

--

16.1 (12.9)

3 months

8.6 (9.4)

-7.2 (8.9)

15.4 (13.3)

-0.7 (11.8)

0.003

6 months

7.0 (9.1)

-8.8 (11.5)

13.5 (12.3)

-2.6 (12.2)

0.011

VAS (0-100 mm)

Baseline

60.9 (23.9)

--

57.7 (22.0)

--

3 months

23.9 (23.6)

-37.0 (29.4)

52.0 (25.0)

-5.7 (25.6)

< 0.001

6 months

31.5 (25.6)

-29.4 (31.8)

49.4 (24.8)

-8.3 (22.4)

< 0.001


Per protocol

mean (SD)

Changea

mean (SD)

mean (SD)

Changea

mean (SD)

P-valueb


RMDQ (0-24)

Baseline

7.1 (5.3)

--

5.9 (4.6)

--

3 months

2.7 (3.5)c

-4.3 (5.2)c

6.0 (5.2)d

0.2 (4.4)d

< 0.001

6 months

2.6 (2.9)e

-3.8 (5.2)e

5.4 (4.8)f

0.1 (3.0)f

< 0.001

ODI (0-100%)

Baseline

22.5 (15.2)

--

22.2 (12.2)

--

3 months

11.0 (11.7)c

-11.4 (14.9)c

23.4 (16.1)d

1.3 (11.6)d

< 0.001

6 months

11.8 (11.0)e

-9.8 (16.4)e

20.9 (16.1)f

0.2 (10.8)f

0.003

FFT (cm)

Baseline

15.7 (12.5)

--

16.1 (12.9)

--

3 months

7.8 (9.0)c

-7.7 (9.0)c

15.8 (13.5)d

0.6 (12.9)d

< 0.001

6 months

6.1 (8.9)e

-9.3 (12.1)e

13.1 (12.2)f

-1.4 (13.6)f

0.008

VAS (0-100 mm)

Baseline

60.9 (23.9)

--

57.7 (22.0)

--

3 months

20.9 (20.8)c

-39.3 (28.7)c

51.1 (26.8)d

-3.0 (28.1)d

< 0.001

6 months

30.5 (24.0)e

-29.7 (30.7)e

48.2 (26.2)f

-5.6 (22.9)f

< 0.001


GPR Group: Global Postural Reeducation Group.

SE Group: Stabilization Exercises Group.

RMDQ: Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire.

ODI: Oswestry Disability Index.

FFT: Fingertip-to-Floor Test.

VAS: Visual Analogue Scale as measure of low back pain (LBP).

aChange scores are changes since baseline, negative values indicate improvements.

bOne-way ANOVA F-test.

cn = 47.

dn = 40.

en = 42.

fn = 36.

Bonetti et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:285   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-11-285

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