Table 2

Stimulants used and cytokines measured in the mononuclear cell assays.

Innate Immune Responses

Adaptive Immune Responses

Stimulants

Cytokines

Stimulants

Cytokines


Lipopolysaccharide

IFN-α

Phytohemagglutinin

IFN-γ

Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid

IFN-γ

Cockroach extract

IL-10

Peptidoglycan

IL-10

Dust mite (D. pteronyssinus)

IL-13

CpG

IL-12p40

extract

IL-4

Respiratory syncytial virus

TNF-α

Tetanus toxoid

IL-5

Rhinovirus*

IL-8

CD3 + CD28 Mab*

Medium alone

Medium alone


* Stimulation not conducted on cells from the umbilical cord samples

† Not measured in umbilical cord samples

Gern et al. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:17   doi:10.1186/1471-2466-9-17

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