Table 4

Risk of anxious and depressive symptoms in patients with COPD: multivariate logistic modeling
Factors Anxiety Depression
Odds ratio 95% confidence interval (CI) p Odds ratio 95% confidence interval (CI) p
Age 1.16 1.12–1.19 0.000 1.13 1.05–1.20 0.003
Female gender 1.12 1.03–2.23 0.000 1.12 1.10–1.19 0.000
Education level 1.15 1.10–1.18 0.000 1.09 1.01–1.17 0.012
Household income 1.30 1.14–1.50 0.001 1.26 1.06–1.52 0.000
History of smoking 1.27 1.03–2.35 0.000 1.26 1.15–1.45 0.000
;FEV1 1.09 0.96–1.24 0.099 0.98 0.82–1.17 0.103
FVC 0.99 0.821–1.14 0.113 0.83 0.63–1.07 0.122
FEV1/FVC 0.97 0.88–1.08 0.102 1.02 0.94–1.09 0.098
BODE index 1.47 1.15–1.92 0.001 1.51 1.13–1.95 0.000
;SGRQ 1.35 1.11–1.87 0.000 1.47 1.12–2.01 0.000
Depression 3.26 1.69–5.36 0.000
Anxiety 3.58 2.86–5.70 0.000

FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second; FVC, forced vital capacity; BODE: body mass index, degree of airway obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity; SGRQ: Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire.

Lou et al.

Lou et al. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2012 12:53   doi:10.1186/1471-2466-12-53

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