Table 3

Survey responses.

Percent Respondents (%)

TOTAL

Urban

Rural

Cath.

Luth.

Pent.

Male

Female


1

Believes HIV is a punishment from God

53.2

47.7 *

60.8 *

47.1

53.2

60.3

49.3

57.2


Believes PLWHA have not followed the Word of God

34.9

26.9 ***

46.3 ***

23.1 **

42.6 **

38.3 **

35.9

34.3


Believes prayer can cure HIV

80.8

81.3

80.0

64.6 ***

83.4 ***

94.4 ***

79.8

82.1


2

ARV knowledge

81.4

84.8 *

76.6 *

82.4

82.3

79.3

81.4

81.3


Has been tested for HIV

42.7

51.2 ***

30.3 ***

40.8

40.9

46.8

40.6

44.8


Fears casual contact HIV transmission

56.2

53.6

59.9

56.0

57.6

54.8

54.7

57.4


Of sexually active respondents, % that never uses condoms

55.5

41.6 ***

73.0 ***

42.4 ***

56.4 ***

69.7 ***

45.5 ***

65.8 ***


3

Expresses shame-related HIV stigma

54.6

56.0

52.6

51.8 *

49.4 *

64.3 *

52.8

56.4


Willing to disclose to religious community

84.2

83.3

85.4

81.5 *

80.6 *

91.6 *

82.9

85.8


If HIV+, would NOT start ARVs (even) if doctor recommends

6.3

6.8

5.6

2.4 ***

3.3 ***

14.3 ***

5.0

7.6


Responses concerning (1) religious beliefs about HIV, (2) knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HIV and ARVs, and (3) the outcome variables, grouped by urban or rural setting, survey collection church, and gender. Chi square test significance levels of p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 denoted by *, **, and ***, respectively.

Zou et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:75   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-75

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