Open Access Open Badges Research article

Promoting chlamydia screening with posters and leaflets in general practice - a qualitative study

Elaine Freeman1, Rebecca Howell-Jones2, Isabel Oliver3, Sarah Randall4, William Ford-Young5, Philippa Beckwith6 and Cliodna McNulty7*

Author Affiliations

1 Gloucestershire Research & Development Support Unit, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Great Western Road, Gloucester, UK

2 Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, HIV and STI Department Colindale, London, UK

3 Health Protection Agency South West, The Wheelhouse, Bond's Mill, Stonehouse, UK

4 Ella Gordon Unit, St Mary's Hospital, Portsmouth, UK

5 Broken Cross Surgery, Waters Green Medical Centre, Macclesfield, UK

6 Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK

7 Health Protection Agency Primary Care Unit, Microbiology Department, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Great Western Road, Gloucester GL1 3NN, UK

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BMC Public Health 2009, 9:383  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-383

Published: 12 October 2009



General practice staff are reluctant to discuss sexual health opportunistically in all consultations. Health promotion materials may help alleviate this barrier. Chlamydia screening promotion posters and leaflets, produced by the English National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP), have been available to general practices, through local chlamydia screening offices, since its launch. In this study we explored the attitudes of general practice staff to these screening promotional materials, how they used them, and explored other promotional strategies to encourage chlamydia screening.


Twenty-five general practices with a range of screening rates, were purposively selected from six NCSP areas in England. In focus groups doctors, nurses, administrative staff and receptionists were encouraged to discuss candidly their experiences about their use and opinions of posters, leaflets and advertising to promote chlamydia screening. Researchers observed whether posters and leaflets were on display in reception and/or waiting areas. Data were collected and analysed concurrently using a stepwise framework analytical approach.


Although two-thirds of screening practices reported that they displayed posters and leaflets, they were not prominently displayed in most practices. Only a minority of practices reported actively using screening promotional materials on an ongoing basis. Most staff in all practices were not following up the advertising in posters and leaflets by routinely offering opportunistic screening to their target population. Some staff in many practices thought posters and leaflets would cause offence or embarrassment to their patients. Distribution of chlamydia leaflets by receptionists was thought to be inappropriate by some practices, as they thought patients would be offended when being offered a leaflet in a public area. Practice staff suggested the development of pocket-sized leaflets.


The NCSP should consider developing a range of more discrete but eye catching posters and small leaflets specifically to promote chlamydia screening in different scenarios within general practice; coordinators should audit their use. Practice staff need to discuss, with their screening co-ordinator, how different practice staff can promote chlamydia screening most effectively using the NCSP promotional materials, and change them regularly so that they do not loose their impact. Education to change all practice staff's attitudes towards sexual health is needed to reduce their worries about displaying the chlamydia materials, and how they may follow up the advertising up with a verbal offer of screening opportunistically to 15-24 year olds whenever they visit the practice.