Table 2

Multivariable predictors of mortality among persons diagnosed with AIDS in San Francisco, 1996–2006 (N = 6163)*

Characteristics

Adjusted Relative Hazard

95% Confidence Limits



Homeless at AIDS diagnosis


No

Referent


Yes

1.20

1.03, 1.41



Gender


Male

Referent


Female

0.80

0.65, 0.98


Transgender

1.14

0.87, 1.51



Age at diagnosis (years)


<40

Referent


≥ 40

1.67

1.50, 1.86



Race/ethnicity


White

Referent


African American

0.96

0.83, 1.10


Latino

0.83

0.70, 0.98


Asian/Pacific Islander/Native American/Other

0.77

0.59, 0.99



Risk group


Men who have sex with men

Referent


Injection drug user

1.88

1.59, 2.23


Men who have sex with men and inject drugs

1.52

1.32, 1.76


Heterosexual/Other

1.48

1.14, 1.93



Insurance status


Private

Referent


Public

2.12

1.82, 2.48


None

1.60

1.39, 1.84



Initial AIDS diagnosis


CD4 count < 200 cells/mm3

Referent


Opportunistic illness

1.41

1.24, 1.60



CD4 count at diagnosis

0.90

0.88, 0.92



Ever received highly active antiretroviral therapy


No

Referent


Yes

0.82

0.72, 0.93



Ever received prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia


No

Referent


Yes

0.89

0.80, 1.00



Ever received prophylaxis against Mycobacterium avium complex


No

Referent


Yes

0.94

0.83, 1.07


* Excludes cases without follow-up or with missing values.

† Included as a continuous variable using incremental categories of 50 cells.

Schwarcz et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:220   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-220

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