Table 1

Characteristics of the participants (n = 540)

Socio-demographic

-Age (mean, SD, range)

77.6

4.8

70 – 92

-Female (n, %)

388

72%

-Low education (n, %)1

338

63%

-Living alone (n, %)

295

55%

Health-related

-Activity of daily living (mean, SD, range)2

17.3

4.5

11 – 40

-Impaired vision (mean, SD, range)2

2.9

1.5

2 – 8

-Impaired hearing (mean, SD, range)2

2.8

1.1

2 – 7

-Poor/fair perceived general health (n, %)

375

69%

-Number of chronic conditions (mean, SD, range)

2.3

1.6

0 – 9

-Cognitive functioning (mean, SD, range)3

32.0

3.8

16 – 40

-One or more falls in previous six months (n, %)

298

55%

Psychosocial

-General self-efficacy (mean, SD, range)3

54.2

11.1

16 – 80

-Mastery (mean, SD, range)3

21.2

4.6

9 – 35

-Social support interactions (mean, SD, range)3

29.5

6.7

12 – 48

-Feelings of loneliness (n, % all the time/mostly/often)

91

17%

-Feelings of anxiety (mean, SD, range)2

7.4

4.5

0 – 21

-Symptoms of depression (mean, SD, range)2

6.8

4.0

0 – 19

Fear of falling

- Mild (n, %)

298

55%

- Severe (n, %)

242

45%

Avoidance of activity

- Mild (n, %)

315

58%

- Severe (n, %)

225

42%


1 Low education refers to elementary school, junior high school or lower vocational level. 2 Higher level refers to poorer functioning. 3 Higher level refers to better functioning

Kempen et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:170   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-170

Open Data