Table 2

Characteristics of participants in the SUN study according to sex.

Sex


Male

Female


Body image disturbance

Body image disturbance


None

n = 1,875

Under estimated

n = 2,397

Over estimated

n = 96

None

n = 3,604

Under estimated

n = 2,145

Over estimated

n = 169


Depression (n, %)

78 (4.2)

82 (3.5)

1 (1.0)

218 (6.0)

108 (5.0)

10 (5.9)

Age [years] (mean, SD)a

42.2 (13.0)

41.7 (12.4)

47.4 (14.8)

34.1 (10.1)

35.5 (10.4)

31.2 (9.1)

Body mass index [Kg/m2] (n, %)a

Underweight

58 (3.1)

0 (0.0)

4 (4.2)

1,259 (34.9)

0 (0.0)

148 (87.6)

Overweight

682 (36.4)

1202 (50.1)

4 (4.2)

124 (3.4)

529 (24.7)

0 (0.0)

Obese

35 (1.9)

302 (12.6)

0 (0.0)

14 (0.4)

101 (4.7)

0 (0.0)

Weight change in the past five years [Kg] (n, %)b

Lost

330 (17.6)

460 (19.2)

13 (13.5)

999 (27.7)

608 (28.3)

56 (33.1)

Gain

1,064 (56.7)

1,218 (50.8)

62 (64.6)

1,532 (42.5)

905 (42.2)

68 (40.2)

Marital status (n; %)c

Unmarried

634 (34.0)

804 (33.8)

29 (30.5)

1,968 (55.0)

1,055 (49.6)

107 (64.1)

Married

1,171 (62.9)

1,495 (62.8)

66 (69.5)

1,490 (41.6)

972 (45.7)

52 (31.1)

Other

58 (3.1)

81 (3.4)

0 (0.0)

122 (3.4)

99 (4.7)

8 (4.8)

Smoking (n, %)b

Current smoker

373 (20.6)

469 (20.3)

17 (17.9)

911 (26.1)

485 (23.3)

41 (25.2)

Past smoker

633 (34.9)

772 (33.3)

38 (40.0)

833 (23.9)

535 (25.7)

36 (22.1)

Physical activity [METs-h/week] (mean, SD)b

26.8 (23.7)

29.6 (27.0)

21.5 (19.6)

21.7 (18.6)

21.6 (18.0)

20.3 (15.9)

Energy intake [Kcal/day] (mean, SD)

2,448.9 (668.0)

2,462.5 (663.2)

2,375.2 (686.1)

2,320.4 (573.3)

2,299.4 (564.1)

2,327.4 (610.0)

Alcohol consumption [g/day] (mean, SD)c

10.9 (14.4)

10.4 (12.6)

12.3 (16.0)

4.0 (5.7)

3.8 (5.7)

3.1 (4.0)

Working hours (n, %)c

< 35 hours/week

196 (10.6)

230 (9.7)

10 (10.5)

734 (20.6)

442 (20.8)

35 (20.8)

>= 35 hours/week

1,521 (82.1)

1,978 (83.5)

74 (77.9)

2,287 (64.3)

1,412 (66.5)

91 (54.2)

Unemployed

135 (7.3)

160 (6.8)

11 (11.6)

534 (15.0)

269 (12.7)

42 (25.0)

Chronic disease at baseline (n, %)

Cardiovascular

128 (6.8)

148 (6.2)

9 (9.4)

100 (2.8)

73 (3.4)

3 (1.8)

Cancer

53 (2.8)

65 (2.7)

6 (6.3)

115 (3.2)

87 (4.1)

3 (1.8)


Standard deviation (SD), a Statistical significant difference in both sexes; b Statistical significant difference for men; c Statistical significant difference for women. The means differences were compared using Analysis of Variance and Tukey's test.

Pimenta et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-1

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