Table 4

Results of Outcomes

Outcomes\27 Reference

Agha 2002, Agha, Van Rossem 2004 [9,30]

Fawole et al. 1999 [23]

Fitzgerald et al. 1999 [25]

Harvey et al. 2000 [4]

James et al. 2005 [31]

Klepp et al. 1994, Klepp et al. 1997 [21,29]

Kuhn, et al. 1994 [27]

Munodawafa et al. 1995 [24]

Rusakaniko et al. 1997 [18]

Stanton et al. 1998 [26]


General STD/HIV/AIDS knowledge

+/+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

0

Knowledge regarding to abstinence

+/+

Knowledge regarding condom use

+/-

+

+

Attitudes towards PLWHA

+

+

+

Attitude towards abstinence

+

Attitudes towards condom use

+

+(m)

Attitudes towards sexual intercourse

+

0

General risk perception AIDS/STD/HIV

0/?-

+

+

Intentions regarding abstinence

+

?-

+

Intentions regarding condom use

+

+

0

+/0/0(f)

General sexual behaviour assessment

0

Multiple Sexual partnerships

0/+

+

Behaviour regarding abstinence

+

0

0

0

0/0/+(f, bv)

Behaviour regarding condom use

0

0

+

0

+/0/0(m, bv)

Symptom of STD

0

0

Communication with others on HIV/AIDS

0

+

0/+/0(m)


Key:

0 No statistically significant effect in direction of desired outcome

- Reversal of effect or effect in opposite direction to desired outcome

+ Statistically significant effect in direction of desired outcome

/ Earlier follow-up result to left of, and latter follow-up effect to right of

f effect significant in females only

m effect significant in males only

bv observed effect significant among baseline virgins

? hint of effect reported to the right of this symbol

Paul-Ebhohimhen et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-4

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