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Open Access Study protocol

A community intervention trial of multimodal suicide prevention program in Japan: A Novel multimodal Community Intervention program to prevent suicide and suicide attempt in Japan, NOCOMIT-J

Yutaka Ono1*, Shuichi Awata2, Hideharu Iida3, Yasushi Ishida4, Naoki Ishizuka5, Hiroto Iwasa6, Yuichi Kamei7, Yutaka Motohashi8, Atsuo Nakagawa9, Jun Nakamura10, Nobuyuki Nishi11, Kotaro Otsuka12, Hirofumi Oyama13, Akio Sakai12, Hironori Sakai14, Yuriko Suzuki15, Miyuki Tajima16, Eriko Tanaka16, Hidenori Uda17, Naohiro Yonemoto18, Toshihiko Yotsumoto19 and Naoki Watanabe20

Author Affiliations

1 Health Center, Keio University,.35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan

2 Division of Neuropsychiatry and Center for Dementia, Sendai City Hospital, 3-1 Shimizukouji, Wakabayashi-ku, Sendai 984-8501, Japan

3 Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Aino University, 4-5-4 Higashiooda, Ibaraki-shi, Osaka 567-0012, Japan

4 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake-cho, Miyazaki-gun, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan

5 Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Community Health and Medicine, esearch Institute, International Medical Center of Japan, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan

6 Aomori Prefectural Center for Mental Health and Welfare, 353-92 Sawabe Sannai, Aomori-shi, Aomori 038-0031, Japan

7 Department of Psychiatry, Kohnodai Hospital, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 1-7-1 Kohnodai, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba 272-8516, Japan

8 Department of Public Health, Akita University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita-shi, Akita 010-8543, Japan

9 Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan

10 Department of Psychiatry, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyusyu-shi, Fukuoka 807-8555, Japan

11 Health Promotion Division of Health and Social Welfare Department, Kagoshima Prefecture, 10-1 Kamoike-shinmachi, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima 890-8577, Japan

12 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Iwate Medical University, 19-1 Uchimaru, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8505, Japan

13 Department of Social Welfare, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aomori University of Health and Welfare, 58-1 Mase Hamadate, Aomori-shi, Aomori 030-8505, Japan

14 Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, 39-22 Showa-machi 3-chome, Maebashi-shi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan

15 Department of Adult Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187-8553, Japan

16 Stress Management Office, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan

17 Kanoya Public Health Center, 2-16-6 Utsuma, Kanoya-shi, Kagoshima 893-0011, Japan

18 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Yoshidakonoecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan

19 Sensatsu Public Health Center, 228-1 Kumanojocho, Satsumasendai-shi, Kagoshima 895-0041, Japan

20 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Kansai University of International Studies, 1-18 Aoyama, Shizimi-cho, Miki-shi, Hyogo 673-0521, Japan

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BMC Public Health 2008, 8:315  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-315

Published: 15 September 2008

Abstract

Background

To respond to the rapid surge in the incidence of suicide in Japan, which appears to be an ongoing trend, the Japanese Multimodal Intervention Trials for Suicide Prevention (J-MISP) have launched a multimodal community-based suicide prevention program, NOCOMIT-J. The primary aim of this study is to examine whether NOCOMIT-J is effective in reducing suicidal behavior in the community.

Methods/DesignThis study is a community intervention trial involving seven intervention regions with accompanying control regions, all with populations of statistically sufficient size. The program focuses on building social support networks in the public health system for suicide prevention and mental health promotion, intending to reinforce human relationships in the community. The intervention program components includes a primary prevention measures of awareness campaign for the public and key personnel, secondary prevention measures for screening of, and assisting, high-risk individuals, after-care for individuals bereaved by suicide, and other measures. The intervention started in July 2006, and will continue for 3.5 years. Participants are Japanese and foreign residents living in the intervention and control regions (a total of population of 2,120,000 individuals).

Discussion

The present study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the community-based suicide prevention program in the seven participating areas.

Trial registration

UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR) UMIN000000460.