Open Access Study protocol

Study Protocol – Metabolic syndrome, vitamin D and bone status in South Asian women living in Auckland, New Zealand: A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind vitamin D intervention

Pamela R von Hurst1, Welma Stonehouse1, Christophe Matthys1, Cathryn Conlon1, Marlena C Kruger2 and Jane Coad2*

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

2 Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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BMC Public Health 2008, 8:267  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-267

Published: 31 July 2008



The identification of the vitamin D receptor in the endocrine pancreas suggests a role for vitamin D in insulin secretion. There is also some limited evidence that vitamin D influences insulin resistance, and thus the early stages of the development of type 2 diabetes.


Eighty-four women of South Asian origin, living in Auckland, New Zealand, were randomised to receive either a supplement (4000IU 25(OH)D3 per day) or a placebo for 6 months. At baseline, all participants were vitamin D deficient (serum 25(OH)D3 <50 nmol/L), insulin resistant (HOMA-IR > 1.93) and/or hyperinsulinaemic, hyperglycemic or had clinical signs of dislipidaemia. Changes in HOMA-IR, lipids, parathyroid hormone, calcium and bone markers were monitored at 3 months and 6 months.


This randomised, controlled trial will be the first to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects. It will subsequently contribute to the growing body of evidence about the role of vitamin D in metabolic syndrome.Registered clinical.

Trial registration

Registered clinical trial – Registration No. ACTRN12607000642482