Table 4

a: Multivariate regression analysis for the influence of the percentage of green space on sports and walking and cycling during leisure time: parameter and standard error [p-value]


Sports (n = 4.899)

Walking during Leisure time (n = 4.899)

Cycling during leisure time (n = 4.899)




1 km

3 km

1 km

3 km

1 km

3 km


Physically active (yes/no)

Percentage of green (1 km)

.002 (.002)

[p = .255]

-.007 (.002)

[p < .001]

-.006 (.002)

[p < .001]

Percentage of green (3 km)

.003 (.002)

[p = .234]

-.006 (.002)

[p = .009]

-.0004 (.003)

[p = .887]

Minutes of activity per week (calculated for those who are physically active)

Percentage of green (1 km)

.14 (.3)

[p = .582]

-.24 (.24)

[p = .317]

-.3 (.2)

[p = .145]

Percentage of green (3 km)

-.05 (.4)

[p = .897]

-.98 (.32)**

[p = .002]

-.3 (.3)

[p = .204]


Note All analyses are controlled for age, gender, level of education, income and urbanicity.


b: Multivariate regression analysis for the influence of the percentage of green space on walking and cycling for commuting purposes and gardening: parameter and standard error [p-value]


Walking for commuting purposes (n = 2.816)

Cycling for commuting purposes (n = 2.816)

Gardening (n = 3.951)




1 km

3 km

1 km

3 km

1 km

3 km


Physically active (yes/no)

Percentage of green (1 km)

.002 (.004)

[p = .5912]

-.005 (.002)

[p = .032]

.008 (.002)

[p < .001]

Percentage of green (3 km)

-.001 (.005)

[p = .844]

-.007 (.004)

[p = .110]

.005 (.003)

[p = .062]

Minutes of activity per week (calculated for those who are physically active)

Percentage of green (1 km)

.9 (.5)

[p = .086]

.83 (.2)

[p < .001]

1.4 (.3)

[p < .001]

Percentage of green (3 km)

.4 (.7)

[p = .622]

.62 (.25)*

[p = .014]

1.45 (.45)

[p = .001]


Note All analyses are controlled for age, gender, level of education, income and urbanicity.


Maas et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:206   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-206

Open Data