Table 3

The odds of negative consequences in students reporting consumption above low levels relative to students reporting low levels of consumption

Studies

Finance

Personal

Physical Health

Odds ratio

(95% CI)

Odds ratio

(95% CI)

Odds ratio

(95% CI)

Odds ratio

(95% CI)


Year 1

Longitudinal

3.02

(1.54, 5.90)

6.44

(3.08, 13.49)

0.96

(0.71, 1.30)

2.49

(1.33, 4.67)

Cross-sectional

3.33

(2.73, 4.07)

6.16

(4.91, 7.72)

1.40

(0.53, 3.68)

3.15

(2.61, 3.80)

Year 2

Longitudinal

3.91

(2.05, 7.45)

4.50

(2.15, 9.43)

1.75

(0.70, 4.35)

3.54

(1.86, 6.75)

Cross-sectional

4.59

(3.65, 5.78)

6.57

(5.07, 8.51)

1.99

(1.40, 2.81)

4.37

(3.51, 5.44)

Year 3

Longitudinal

9.44

(4.36, 20.45)

8.08

(3.57, 18.27)

1.33

(0.49, 3.61)

3.81

(1.90, 7.64)

Cross-sectional

3.53

(2.70, 4.61)

7.01

(5.16, 9.53)

1.61

(1.10, 2.36)

3.44

(2.67, 4.43)


Bewick et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:163   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-163

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