Table 3

Study results – education and handwashing with soap

Study

Outcome

Relative Risk/Incident Density Ratio (95% CI)


Luby, Agboatwalla et al 2004 [50]

Diarrhoea

RCT

Mean Incidence

Quality Score 6a

Antibiotic Soap

0.50 (0.36, 0.63)

Plain Soap

0.47 (0.35, 0.59)

Shahid, Greenough et al 1996 [43]

Diarrhoea

CBA

Age groups

Quality Score 1b

0 – 11 mths

0.39 (0.29, 0.54)

12–23 mths

0.53 (0.37, 0.77)

24–59 mths

0.44 (0.34, 0.59)

6 – 9 yrs

0.27 (0.19, 0.37)

10 – 14 yrs

0.28 (0.16, 0.49)

Over 15 yrs

0.38 (0.30, 0.49)

All

0.38 (0.33, 0.43)

Wilson, Chandler et al 1991 [51]

Diarrhoea

CBA

Children <11yrs

0.21 (0.08, 0.53)c

Quality Score 3b

Skin/Eye Disease

Children <11yrs

2.54d

Han, Hlaing et al 1988, 1989 [36]

Ascaris

RCT

Children 36–59mths

1.0d

Quality Score 4a

Diarrhoea

<2yrs

0.69 (0.48, 1.01)e

≥ 2yrs

0.67 (0.45, 0.98)e

All children <5yrs

0.70 (0.54, 0.92)f

Dysentery

<2yrs

0.59 (0.22, 1.55)

≥ 2yrs

1.21 (0.52, 2.80)

All children <5yrs

0.93 (0.39, 2.23)


aMaximum score for RCT 7; bMaximum Score for CBA 6; cCI taken from Systematic Review data Fewtrell and Colford [71]; dNo confidence intervals provided; eP < 0.05; fP < 0.01.

McDonald et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:153   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-153

Open Data