Table 1

Participant's socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics

N

2000 survey

N

2005 survey

P-value¥


Age, mean years (sd)

503

31.0 (8.8)

504

29.5 (7.5)

0.004

Marital status, % (number of women)

503

506

Single

43.9% (221)

43.1% (218)

Married/cohabiting

39.4% (198)

2.8% (14)

Separated/divorced

15.1% (76)

46.6% (236)

Widowed

1.6% (8)

7.5% (38)

<0.001

Education, % (number of women)

502

506

None

19.3% (97)

10.1% (51)

Primary level

60.0% (301)

60.3% (305)

Secondary level

18.5% (93)

27.1% (137)

Tertiary level

2.2% (11)

2.6% (13)

< 0.001

Religion, % (number of women)

502

506

Catholic

17.1% (86)

28.9% (146)

Muslim

55.2% (277)

32.4% (164)

Protestant

26.7% (134)

37.2% (188)

Other

1.0% (5)

1.6% (8)

< 0.001

Number of living children, % (number of women)

503

506

0

7.6% (38)

12.9% (65)

1

22.9% (115)

28.1% (142)

2–3

38.0% (191)

41.5% (210)

> 3

31.6% (159)

17.6% (89)

< 0.001

Weekly income from sex work alone, mean USD (sd)

503

19.9 (16.9)

506

22.5 (15.8)

0.01

Alternative source of income, % (number of women)

503

506

None

33.0% (166)

62.3% (315)

Formal employment

1.8% (9)

1.4% (7)

Informal trade

61.6% (310)

31.6% (160)

Other

3.6% (18)

4.7% (24)

< 0.001

Where clients usually obtained, % (number)

502

506

Home

47.8% (240)

15.9% (81)

Hotel/guest house

40.0% (201)

0.8% (4)

Bar/nightclub

9.4% (47)

75.5% (382)

Street/beach

2.2% (11)

7.5% (38)

Other

0.6% (3)

0.2% (1)

< 0.001


¥ P-value was calculated using chi-square test for categorical and unpaired Student's t test for continuous variables. Exchange rate of 1USD: 74 Kenya Shillings

Luchters et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:143   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-143

Open Data