Table 5

Cox Proportional Hazards Regression Analysis by Gender: Selected Demographic and Community Factors

Independent Variables

Males

Females


Hazard Ratio

95% C.I.

p-value

Hazard Ratio

95% C.I.

p-value


*Educational level

Primary

3.02

1.36 – 6.71

0.01

1.00

0.49 – 2.03

1.00

Secondary or higher

5.43

2.58 – 11.44

< 0.001

1.32

0.71 – 2.44

0.38

Age

1.16

1.04 – 1.29

0.01

1.09

0.96 – 1.23

0.19

**Economic status

Middle class

0.99

0.69 – 1.44

0.97

0.90

0.61 – 1.31

0.58

High class

0.97

0.62 – 1.50

0.88

0.79

0.49 – 1.27

0.33

Urban location

0.77

0.55 – 1.07

0.12

0.85

0.58 – 1.25

0.41

Southern region

1.44

1.07 – 1.95

0.02

1.71

1.22 – 2.40

0.01


*Referent group was those with no formal education.

**Referent group was those in the low economic class.

Fatusi and Blum BMC Public Health 2008 8:136   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-136

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