Reliability of medical students' vaccination histories for immunisable diseases
1 Occupational Health Service, Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany
2 Institute of Medical Virology, Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Paul-Ehrlich-Str. 40, 60596 Frankfurt, Germany
BMC Public Health 2008, 8:121 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-121Published: 15 April 2008
Medical students come into contact with infectious diseases early on their career. Immunity against vaccine-preventable diseases is therefore vital for both medical students and the patients with whom they come into contact.
The purpose of this study was to compare the medical history and serological status of selected vaccine-preventable diseases of medical students in Germany.
The overall correlation between self-reported medical history statements and serological findings among the 150 students studied was 86.7 %, 66.7 %, 78 % and 93.3 % for measles, mumps, rubella and varicella, conditional on sufficient immunity being achieved after one vaccination. Although 81.2 % of the students' medical history data correlated with serological findings, significant gaps in immunity were found.
Our findings indicate that medical history alone is not a reliable screening tool for immunity against the vaccine-preventable diseases studied.