Table 3

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in population-based studies from Asia and Australia

Prevalence of CKD


Author [ref.] year

Country

Study population, study design, number of participants, response, age, gender

MDRD equation

CG/BSA equation






Chadban et al. [36] 2003

Australia

Randomly selected participants of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab), cross-sectional survey, N = 11247, response 89.1%, aged 25 ≥ yrs., gender NR.

NR

Overall: 11.2%

Men: 9.3%, Women: 13.0%

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

25–44

-

0

45–64

1.8%

3.2%

65+

51.8%

57.2%






Chen et al. [37] 2005

China

Participants of the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA), random sample, cross-sectional study, N = 15540, response 83.3%, aged 35–74 yrs., 48.5% males.

Overall: 2.5%

Men: 1.3%, Women: 3.8%

Overall: 20.4%

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

35–44

0.2%

1.2%

45–54

0.7%

2.7%

55–64

1.6%

6.4%

65–74

5.8%

10.4%






Domrongkitchaiporn et al. [38] 2005

Thailand

Participants of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) study, employees sample, cross-sectional study, N = 2967, response NR, aged 35–55 yrs., 76% males.

Overall: 6.8%

NR






Konta et al. [39] 2006

Japan

Participants of the Molecular Epidemiological Study, cross-sectional survey, N = 2321, response NR, aged > 40 yrs. (mean age: 64 yrs.), 44:5% males.

NR

Overall: 28.8%






Li et al. [40] 2006

China

Participants from residents in a district of a large city, cross-sectional survey, N = 2310, response NR, aged ≥ 40 yrs., 49.5% males.

Overall: 4.9%

Men: 4.8%, Women: 5.0%

NR

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

40–49

0

0.4%

50–59

1.5%

2.5%

60–69

4.4%

5.8%

70+

10.6%

12.9%






McDonald et al. [41] 2003

Australia

Participants from a costal aboriginal community, cross-sectional study, N = 237, response NR, aged ≥ 18 yrs., 133 males.

Overall: 12%

NR






Ninomiya et al. [42] 2005

Japan

Participants from study of Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Diseases, prospective cohort study, N = 2634, response 80.7%, aged ≥ 40 yrs., 42.1% males.

Overall: 10.3%

Men: 5.3%, Women: 13.8%

NR






Shankar et al. [43] 2006

Singa pore

Participants from private census, cross-sectional study, N = 4898, response 81.1%, aged 43–86 yrs. (mean age: 62.3 yrs.), 44% males.

Overall: 6.6%

Men: 7.1%, Women: 6.2%

NR

Age (yrs.)

43–59

1.8%

60–69

6.5%

70–79

11.5%

80+

21.8%


MDRD: simplified equation of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study.

CG/BSA: Cockcroft-Gault formula adjusted by Body Surface Area.

GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate.

NR: Not reported.

Zhang and Rothenbacher BMC Public Health 2008 8:117   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-117

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