Table 7

Leading causes of premature death for San Francisco, By sex, 2003–2004

Rank

Underlying cause of death

Y LL

Y LL %a

Deaths

Average Y LLb

ASY Rc


Male

1

Violence/assault, all mechanisms

2879.9

3.9

115

25.0

419.8

2

Drug overdose, unintentional

2908.1

3.9

134

21.7

301.8

3

HIV/AIDS

6464.6

8.8

319

20.3

673.1

4

Self-inflicted injuries, all mechanisms

3026.2

4.1

152

19.9

330.2

5

Alcohol use disorders

2228.5

3.0

128

17.4

245.8

6

Cirrhosis of the liver

1586.9

2.2

97

16.4

177.3

7

Liver cancer

2035.6

2.8

154

13.2

248.0

8

Hypertensive heart disease

3379.0

4.6

287

11.8

413.4

9

Diabetes mellitus

1656.5

2.2

147

11.3

198.8

10

Lung, bronchus, and trachea cancers

4134.3

5.6

387

10.7

515.8

11

Colon and rectum cancers

1394.7

1.9

136

10.3

173.5

12

Ischemic heart disease

9853.9

13.4

1103

8.9

1246.1

13

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

2241.5

3.0

269

8.3

293.1

14

Cerebrovascular disease

3420.2

4.6

418

8.2

439.3

15

Lower respiratory infections

1801.3

2.4

242

7.4

233.0

Female

1

HIV/AIDS

823.6

1.6

36

22.9

101.7

2

Drug overdose, unintentional

843.8

1.6

37

22.8

96.6

3

Self-inflicted injuries, all mechanisms

992.9

1.9

48

20.7

123.9

4

Breast Cancer

2975.1

5.8

222

13.4

335.8

5

Pancreas cancer

1122.4

2.2

105

10.7

121.4

6

Lung, bronchus, and trachea cancers

3376.2

6.6

326

10.4

361.4

7

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

852.0

1.7

86

9.9

89.8

8

Colon and rectum cancers

1407.7

2.7

153

9.2

145.3

9

Diabetes mellitus

1207.9

2.4

141

8.6

122.1

10

Hypertensive heart disease

2214.9

4.3

269

8.2

226.1

11

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

1651.8

3.2

211

7.8

166.0

12

Cerebrovascular disease

4221.3

8.2

614

6.9

406.6

13

Ischemic heart disease

6721.3

13.1

1017

6.6

646.3

14

Lower respiratory infections

1483.9

2.9

266

5.6

136.4

15

Alzheimer and other dementias

1414.1

2.8

305

4.6

118.3


a Y LL% = Y LL ÷ Total Y LL from all causes (Step 1: used to select top 15 causes)

b Average Y LL = Y LL ÷ Deaths (Step 2: used to subrank top 15 causes)

c ASY R = Age-standardized YLL rate per 100,000 persons per year

Aragón et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:116   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-116

Open Data