Open Access Research article

Short GSM mobile phone exposure does not alter human auditory brainstem response

Gábor Stefanics13*, Lóránd Kellényi1, Ferenc Molnár2, Györgyi Kubinyi2, György Thuróczy2 and István Hernádi1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Experimental Zoology and Neurobiology, University of Pécs, Hungary

2 Department of Non-ionizing Radiation, National "Frédéric Joliot-Curie" Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene, Budapest, Hungary

3 Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

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BMC Public Health 2007, 7:325  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-325

Published: 12 November 2007

Abstract

Background

There are about 1.6 billion GSM cellular phones in use throughout the world today. Numerous papers have reported various biological effects in humans exposed to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones. The aim of the present study was to advance our understanding of potential adverse effects of the GSM mobile phones on the human hearing system.

Methods

Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) was recorded with three non-polarizing Ag-AgCl scalp electrodes in thirty young and healthy volunteers (age 18–26 years) with normal hearing. ABR data were collected before, and immediately after a 10 minute exposure to 900 MHz pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by a commercial Nokia 6310 mobile phone. Fifteen subjects were exposed to genuine EMF and fifteen to sham EMF in a double blind and counterbalanced order. Possible effects of irradiation was analyzed by comparing the latency of ABR waves I, III and V before and after genuine/sham EMF exposure.

Results

Paired sample t-test was conducted for statistical analysis. Results revealed no significant differences in the latency of ABR waves I, III and V before and after 10 minutes of genuine/sham EMF exposure.

Conclusion

The present results suggest that, in our experimental conditions, a single 10 minute exposure of 900 MHz EMF emitted by a commercial mobile phone does not produce measurable immediate effects in the latency of auditory brainstem waves I, III and V.