Table 4

Diagnoses in measles hospitalizations, by age. Italy 2002–2003.

Age group in years


<1

1–4

5–9

10–14

15–19

≥ 20

Total

p-value


N. Hospitalizations

343

1216

1160

759

571

1105

5154


Non-complicated measles (%)

150

(43.7)

506

(41.6)

486

(41.9)

375

(49.4)

315

(55.2)

558

(50.5)

2390

(46.4)

<0.001

Pneumonia (%)

48

(14.0)

198

(16.3)

176

(15.2)

60

(7.9)

34

(5.9)

78

(7.0)

594

(11.5)

<0.001

Other respiratory tract complications (%)

49

(14.3)

144

(11.8)

135

(11.6)

79

(10.4)

56

(9.8)

88

(8.0)

551

(10.7)

<0.001

Enteritis/diarrhea/volume depletion (%)

23

(6.7)

125

(10.3)

115

(9.9)

59

(7.7)

34

(5.9)

156

(14.1)

512

(9.9)

0.006

Encephalitis (%)

4

(1.2)

18

(1.5)

37

(3.2)

30

(3.9)

17

(3.0)

32

(2.9)

138

(2.7)

0.016

Convulsions (%)

7

(2.0)

70

(5.7)

16

(1.4)

7

(0.9)

1

(0.2)

0

(0.0)

101

(2.0)

<0.001

Otitis media (%)

10

(2.9)

36

(3.0)

25

(2.2)

12

(1.6)

6

(1.0)

12

(1.1)

101

(2.0)

<0.001

Conjunctivitis/keratoconjunctivitis (%)

4

(1.2)

15

(1.2)

21

(1.8)

14

(1.8)

16

(2.8)

38

(3.4)

108

(2.1)

<0.001

Thrombocytopenia (%)

2

(0.6)

3

(0.2)

3

(0.2)

7

(0.9)

5

(0.9)

6

(0.5)

26

(0.5)

0.170

Abortion/threatened abortion/antepartum or fetal complication (%)

1

(0.3)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

2

(0.3)

17

(1.5)

20

(0.4)

<0.001

Other infections/septicemia (%)

16

(4.7)

48

(3.9)

47

(4.0)

25

(3.3)

17

(3.0)

57

(5.1)

210

(4.1)

0.514

Other measles complications (%)

54

(15.7)

142

(11.7)

161

(13.9)

112

(14.7)

117

(20.5)

259

(23.4)

846

(16.4)

<0.001

Other diagnoses (%)

50

(14.8)

170

(14.0)

170

(14.6)

121

(15.8)

75

(13.1)

314

(28.4)

899

(17.5)

<0.001

Total N. Diagnoses

418

1475

1392

901

695

1615

6496


Note: For each diagnosis, percentages are calculated over the number of hospitalizations in each age group. Total percentages for each column exceed 100 because more than one discharge diagnosis may be listed for each hospitalization.

Filia et al. BMC Public Health 2007 7:169   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-169

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