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Design of the Dutch Obesity Intervention in Teenagers (NRG-DOiT): systematic development, implementation and evaluation of a school-based intervention aimed at the prevention of excessive weight gain in adolescents

Amika S Singh1, Marijke JM Chin A Paw1*, Stef PJ Kremers2, Tommy LS Visscher3, Johannes Brug4 and Willem van Mechelen1

Author Affiliations

1 EMGO Institute and Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

2 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

3 Institute for Health Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

4 Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

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BMC Public Health 2006, 6:304  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-304

Published: 16 December 2006



Only limited data are available on the development, implementation, and evaluation processes of weight gain prevention programs in adolescents. To be able to learn from successes and failures of such interventions, integral written and published reports are needed.


Applying the Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol, this paper describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of the Dutch Obesity Intervention in Teenagers (DOiT), a school-based intervention program aimed at the prevention of excessive weight gain.

The intervention focussed on the following health behaviours: (1) reduction of the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, (2) reduction of energy intake derived from snacks, (3) decrease of levels of sedentary behaviour, and (4) increase of levels of physical activity (i.e. active transport behaviour and sports participation).

The intervention program consisted of an individual classroom-based component (i.e. an educational program, covering 11 lessons of both biology and physical education classes), and an environmental component (i.e. encouraging and supporting changes at the school canteens, as well as offering additional physical education classes).

We evaluated the effectiveness of the intervention program using a randomised controlled trial design. We assessed the effects of the intervention on body composition (primary outcome measure), as well as on behaviour, behavioural determinants, and aerobic fitness (secondary outcome measures). Furthermore, we conducted a process evaluation.


The development of the DOiT-intervention resulted in a comprehensive school-based weight gain prevention program, tailored to the needs of Dutch adolescents from low socio-economic background.