Table 3

Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of initiating sex among in-school and out-of-school youth aged 15–19 yrs, Ethiopia 2003

Characteristics

Total population

Reported sexual initiation (%)

Crude odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval)

P-value


Sex

Female

5,932

620 (10.5)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Male

5,806

960 (16.5)

1.70 (1.52, 1.89)

1.12 (0.98, 1.27)

School status

In-school

5,498

286 (5.2)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Out-of-school

6,240

1,294 (20.7)

4.76 (4.17,5.44)

3.57 (3.09, 4.12)

<0.001

Alcohol intake

None or occasional

9,944

939 (9.4)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

On a weekly basis

1,407

542 (38.5)

6.01 (5.29, 6.82)

3.81 (3.31, 4.39)

<0.001

On a daily basis

115

71 (61.7)

15.5 (10.6, 22.6)

5.75 (3.70, 8.93)

<0.001

Khat intake

None

10,209

931 (9.1)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Occasional

185

92 (49.7)

9.86 (7.33, 13.3)

4.99 (3.56, 7.00)

<0.001

On a weekly basis

840

335 (39.9)

6.61 (5.67, 7.71)

4.18 (3.50, 4.99)

<0.001

On a daily basis

445

210 (47.2)

8.91 (7.31, 10.9)

4.13 (3.26, 5.23)

<0.001

Substance use other than Khat**

No

11,498

1,423 (12.4)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Yes

240

157 (65.4)

13.4 (10.2, 17.6)

2.54 (1.84, 3.51)

<0.001


Total

11,738

1,580 (13.5)


* Terms included in the logistic model were: sex, age, school status, alcohol intake (3 levels), Khat intake (4 levels), and substance use other than Khat.

** Substance use other than Khat include: Shisha, Benzene, Hashish, Mandrax, Cocaine, or Crack.

Kebede et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5:109   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-109

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