Table 2

Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of unprotected sex (during the 12 months prior to the interview) among the youth (aged 15–24 yrs), Ethiopia 2003

Characteristics

Total population

Reported unprotected sex (%)

Crude odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval)

P-value


Sex

Female

8,234

1,038 (12.6)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Male

8,372

1,338 (16.0)

1.32 (1.21, 1.44)

1.13 (1.02, 1.26)

0.02

Age

15–19 yrs

11,738

857 (7.3)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

20–24 yrs

4,862

1,519 (31.2)

5.77 (5.26, 6.33)

2.54 (2.29, 2.81)

<0.001

School status

In-school

5,502

75 (1.4)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Out-of-school

11,104

2,301 (20.7)

18.9 (15.0, 23.9)

8.48 (6.66, 10.8)

<0.001

Alcohol intake

None

13,004

1,322 (10.2)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

On a weekly basis

2,838

852 (30.0)

3.79 (3,44, 4.18)

2.02 (1.81, 2.25)

<0.001

On a daily basis

318

148 (46.5)

7.69 (6.13, 9.66)

3.05 (2.38, 3.91)

<0.001

Khat intake

None

13,438

1,362 (10.1)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Occasional

342

114 (33.3)

4.43 (3.52, 5.59)

2.42 (1.86, 3.13)

<0.001

On a weekly basis

1,633

481 (29.5)

3.70 (3.28, 4.18)

2.06 (1.79, 2.36)

<0.001

On a daily basis

717

414 (36.6)

5.12 (4.48, 5.85)

2.26 (1.92, 2.67)

<0.001

Substance use other than Khat

No

16,034

2,147 (13.4)

1.00 (Reference)

1.00 (Reference)

Yes

572

229 (40.0)

4.32 (3.63, 5.14)

1.19 (0.97, 1.47)


Total

16,606

2,376 (14.3)


* Terms included in the logistic model were: sex, age, school status, alcohol intake (3 levels), Khat intake (4 levels), and substance use other than Khat.

** Substance use other than Khat include: Shisha, Benzene, Hashish, Mandrax, Cocaine, or Crack. (Shisha is a mixture that may include tobacco, honey, hashish and spices and is smoked from an oriental tobacco pipe)

Kebede et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5:109   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-109

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