Table 2

Bivariate analysis of bio-demographic, socio economic and behavior risk factors associated with hypertension among Kabul citizens (n = 1183)
Variables Hypertensive Non-hypertensive Odds ratio % 95 CI
Age in years
40 – 49 231 (33.4) 460 (66.6) 1 Reference
50 – 59 143 (59.1) 99 (40.9) 2.87 2.13 – 3.88
60 – 69 112 (70.4) 47 (29.6) 4.74 3.26 – 6.90
70 and over 55 (74.3) 19 (25.7) 5.76 3.43 – 9.94
Sex
Males 178 (44.9) 218 (55.1) 1 Reference
Females 368 (46.8) 419 (53.2) 1.07 0.84 – 1.37
Level of education
literate 363 (53.8) 312 (46.2) 2.06 1.63 – 2.61
Illiterate 183 (36.0) 325 (64.0) 1 Reference
Monthly income
≤ 200USD 247 (47.1) 277 (52.9) 1.07 0.85 – 1.35
>200USD 299 (45.4) 360 (54.6) 1 Reference
Work status
Government employee 90 (34.6) 170 (65.4) 1 Ref
Business 21 (35.6) 38 (64.4) 1.04 0.57 – 1.88
Famer 28 (44.4) 35 (55.6) 1.51 0.86 – 2.64
Jobless 245 (51.9) 227 (48.1) 2.04 1.49 – 2.78
Housewife 137 (47.2) 153 (52.8) 3.37 1.67 – 6.81
Unable to work 25 (64.1) 14 (35.9) 1.69 1.20 – 2.38
Knowledge of blood pressure
Yes 94 (48.2) 101 (51.8) 1 Ref
No 452 (45.7) 536 (54.3) 0.9 0.66 – 1.23
Smoking status
Current smoker 23 (37.7) 38 (62.3) 0.72 0.42 – 1.22
Ever smoker 51 (53.7) 44 (46.3) 1.37 0.90 – 2.10
Never smoker 465 (45.7) 553(54.3) 1 Reference
Snuff using
Current user 58 (55.2) 47 (44.8) 1.51 1.01 – 2.26
Ever user 13 (52.0) 12 (48.0) 1.32 0.59 – 2.93
Never user 469 (45.0) 574 (55.0) 1 Reference
Walking by foot to work station
No 214 (49.3) 220(50.7) 1.22 0.96 – 1.55
Yes 331 (44.3) 416 (55.7) 1 Reference
Going by car to work
No 523 (47.1) 587 (52.9) 1.89 1.14 – 3.15
Yes 23 (31.9) 49 (68.1) 1 Reference
Going by public Transport to work
No 528 (47.0) 596 (53.0) 2.01 1.14 – 3.55
Yes 18 (30.5) 41 (69.5) 1 Reference
Diabetes mellitus
No 455 (44.3) 571 (55.7) 1 Reference
Yes 91 (58.0) 66 (42.0) 1.7 1.23 – 2.43
General obesity cut off BMI = 30
No 324 (40.3) 480 (59.7) 1 Reference
Yes 222 (58.6) 157 (41.4) 1.73 1.23 – 2.43
Central obesity B
No 169 (35.1) 312 (64.9) 1 Reference
Yes 370 (53.9) 317 (46.1) 2.15 1.69 – 2.73
Frequency of eating rice in a month
≤ 6 times per month 439 (45.4) 529 (54.6) 1 Reference
>6 times/month 44 (34.9) 82 (65.1) 1.54 1.05 – 2.27
Frequency of walking per week in hours
< 10 hours per week 202 (53.9) 173 (46.1) 1 Reference
10-30 hours/week 274 (43.8) 351 (56.2) 0.66 0.51 – 0.86
≥ 30 hours/week 68 (38.6) 108 (61.4) 0.50 0.37 – 0.77

Saeed et al.

Saeed et al. BMC Public Health 2014 14:386   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-386

Open Data