Table 3

Meta-analyzed adjusted odds ratios of the association between short and long birth intervals and adverse neonatal and infant outcomes (36-<60 months as reference)

<18 months

aOR (95% CI)

18-<24 months

aOR (95% CI)

24-<36 months

aOR (95% CI)

36-<60

months

≥60 months

aOR (95% CI)

SGA

1.51 (1.31, 1.75)

1.23 (1.03, 1.48)

1.05 (0.87, 1.27)

Ref

1.22 (1.07, 1.39)

Preterm

1.58 (1.19, 2.10)

1.16 (0.94, 1.42)

1.02 (0.87, 1.19)

Ref

1.05 (0.88, 1.26)

Term-SGA*

1.39 (1.18, 1.64)

1.15 (0.98, 1.35)

1.01 (0.83, 1.22)

Ref

1.14 (1.03, 1.27)

Preterm-AGA*

1.45 (1.05, 1.99)

1.09 (0.86, 1.37)

1.01 (0.85, 1.21)

Ref

1.06 (0.87, 1.29)

Preterm-SGA*

3.04 (2.02, 4.58)

1.58 (1.01, 2.49)

0.92 (0.65, 1.31)

Ref

1.19 (0.87, 1.63)

Neonatal mortality

1.49 (0.93, 2.37)

1.07 (0.52, 2.22)

0.95 (0.62, 1.47)

Ref

1.01 (0.68, 1.49)

Infant mortality

1.83 (1.19, 2.81)

1.08 (0.66, 1.78)

1.17 (0.96, 1.43)

Ref

1.01 (0.84, 1.22)


*Reference: Term-AGA

Kozuki et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S3   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S3

Open Data