Table 5

Application of standardized rules for choice of final outcome to estimate effect of breastfeeding on the reduction of pneumonia mortality

Outcome Measures

Application of Standard Rules


0-5 months*

Pneumonia Mortality

n=2; 50 events

The risk of pneumonia mortality is 1.66 (0.53-5.23) for predominant BF; 2.50 (1.03-6.04) for partial BF; 14.97 (0.67-332.74) for not BF compared to EBF

Rule 2: Apply effect estimates


6-23 months

Pneumonia Mortality

n=2; 28 events

The risk of pneumonia mortality is 1.92 (0.79-4.68) for not BF compared to any BF

RULE 0: Insufficient Evidence


*Evaluating events for studies where reference category is EBF

Lamberti et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S18   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S18

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