Table 4

Factors associated with HCV test uptake using multilevel model 
Parameters 
Estimate(s.e.) 
Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 
P 
Null model 



Random 



Level 2 




4.427(0.991) 

<0.001 
Model with explanatory variables 



Random 



Level 2 




4.103(0.942) 

<0.001 
Fixed 



Age 



<30 years old 
 
1 

3039 years old 
0.258(0.071) 
1.29(1.13,1.49) 
<0.001 
4049 years old 
0.433(0.100) 
1.54(1.27,1.88) 
<0.001 
>50 years old 
0.725(0.302) 
2.06(1.14,3.73) 
0.016 
Employment status 



Employed 
 
1 
0.014 
Unemployed 
0.161(0.066) 
1.17(1.03, 1.34) 

Clinic healthcare personnel* 
0.379(0.188) 
1.46(1.01, 2.11) 
0.044 
*: Healthcare personnel are defined as the total number of physicians and nurses at
the clinic.
Xia et al.
Xia et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:899 doi:10.1186/1471245813899