Table 1

Characteristics of men and women with and without metabolic syndrome
Men Women
MetS (−) MetS (+) P value MetS (−) MetS (+) P value
(n = 965) (n = 388) (n = 1261) (n = 499)
Age (years) 63 ± 12 62 ± 10 0.14 62 ± 13 67 ± 11 < 0.0001
Single or divorced (%) 11.7 11.6 0.95 27.5 31.9 0.07
History of cardiovascular disease (%) 8.4 10.6 0.21 2.6 4.8 0.02
Antihypertensive medication (%) 28.2 44.6 < 0.0001 23.2 50.1 < 0.0001
Antidiabetic medication (%) 7.2 17.0 < 0.0001 1.8 17.6 < 0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 83.5 ± 7.2 92.6 ± 6.8 < 0.0001 81.3 ± 9.3 91.4 ± 9.3 < 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 129 ± 17 144 ± 15 < 0.0001 125 ± 18 144 ± 16 < 0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79 ± 9 88 ± 9 < 0.0001 75 ± 10 84 ± 10 < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.10 ± 0.87 5.34 ± 0.93 0.0001 5.57 ± 0.89 5.73 ± 0.93 0.0008
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.10(0.82–1.47) 2.02(1.47–2.84) < 0.0001 0.93(0.69–1.23) 1.57(1.09–2.04) < 0.0001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.65 ± 0.42 1.39 ± 0.37 < 0.0001 1.95 ± 0.43 1.61 ± 0.42 < 0.0001
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.8 ± 1.2 6.7 ± 1.6 < 0.0001 5.3 ± 0.7 6.4 ± 1.5 < 0.0001
Smoking habit (%) 33.6 38.0 0.12 7.6 7.3 0.82
Alcohol intake (%) 68.0 71.4 0.22 33.7 26.7 0.004
Regular exercise (%) 13.7 12.9 0.70 10.1 12.6 0.12

MetS metabolic syndrome; HDL high-density lipoprotein.

Values are mean ± SD, median (interquartile range) or frequency.

The differences between subjects with and without MetS were tested by Wilcoxon tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables.

Sekita et al.

Sekita et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:862   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-862

Open Data